Medal of Honor
McGONAGLE, WILLIAM L.
Rank and organization: Captain (then Comdr.) U.S. Navy, U.S.S. Liberty (AGTR-5)
Place and date: International waters, Eastern Mediterranean, 8-9 June 1967
Entered service at: Thermal, California
Born: 19 November 1925, Wichita, Kansas
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sailing in international waters, the Liberty was attacked without warning by jet fighter aircraft and motor torpedo boats which inflicted many casualties among the crew and caused extreme damage to the ship. Although severely wounded during the first air attack, Capt. McGonagle remained at his battle station on the badly damaged bridge and, with full knowledge of the seriousness of his wounds, subordinated his own welfare to the safety and survival of his command. Steadfastly refusing any treatment which would take him away from his post, he calmly continued to exercise firm command of his ship. Despite continuous exposure to fire, he maneuvered his ship, directed its defense, supervised the control of flooding and fire, and saw to the care of the casualties. Capt. McGonagle's extraordinary valor under these conditions inspired the surviving members of the Liberty's crew, many of them seriously wounded, to heroic efforts to overcome the battle damage and keep the ship afloat. Subsequent to the attack, although in great pain and weak from the loss of blood, Captain McGonagle remained at his battle station and continued to command his ship for more than 17 hours. It was only after rendezvous with a U.S. destroyer that he relinquished personal control of the Liberty and permitted himself to be removed from the bridge. Even then, he refused much needed medical attention until convinced that the seriously wounded among his crew had been treated. Capt. McGonagle's superb professionalism, courageous fighting spirit, and valiant leadership saved his ship and many lives. His actions sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
William McGonagle, 73, Hero of Israel Attack on the Liberty
By Eric Page, , March 9, 1999
William L. McGonagle, who as a Navy captain won a Medal of Honor for maintaining control of the technical research ship Liberty although wounded when the ship was attacked by Israel in the 1967 Arab-Israeli war, died on Wednesday, 3 March 1999, in his home in Palm Springs, Calif. He was 73.
Donald Pageler, editor of The Liberty News, a newsletter published by the survivors of what is sometimes called the Liberty incident, said he did not know the cause of death.
Captain McGonagle was a commander then, and badly wounded in the attack by military aircraft and torpedo boats using rockets, napalm and other weaponry. Afterward Israel apologized, saying the Liberty had been mistaken for an Egyptian ship. Israel also contended that the markings on Liberty had been insufficient, but it paid compensation of more than $12 million.
The attack left 34 of the ship's occupants dead and 171 wounded. The Liberty was in the Mediterranean off the Sinai Peninsula, in international waters, when the Israeli forces struck.
Despite his wounds, Commander McGonagle, who had served in the Korean War, stayed on the Liberty's bridge commanding his crew and later navigating his crippled vessel to safety. In 1968, having been promoted to captain, he wept when awarded the Medal of Honor for keeping the ship under control for 17 hours after the attack. At times during that period, the citation said, he had been forced to command his ship while lying on the deck to keep from fainting.
He stayed in the Navy for almost three decades after the Liberty incident and then retired.
In the years after the attack on the ship, there were charges of a Government cover-up. At a gathering of survivors of the attack in 1997 in Washington, Captain McGonagle said, "I think it's about time that the state of Israel and the United States Government provide the crew members of the Liberty and the rest of the American people the facts of what happened, and why the Liberty was attacked 30 years ago today."
"For many years I have wanted to believe that the attack on the Liberty was pure error," he went on, adding: "It appears to me that it was not a pure case of mistaken identity. It was, on the other hand, gross incompetence and aggravated dereliction of duty on the part of many officers and men of the state of Israel."
William McGonagle was born in Wichita, Kan. He enlisted in the Navy in 1944. Three years later, after finishing a Navy training program at the University of Southern California, he became a Navy ensign. He rose through the ranks and was given command of the Liberty in April 1966.
In an interview last year, he said that recently, while taking a shower, he noticed that an old piece of shrapnel had come loose and was sticking through his ribs. He pulled it out and fell in pain to the shower-stall floor. "I asked my wife for a Band-Aid," he recalled, "and she said, 'What do you need it for? You just took a shower.' "
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