Robert S. Scott, Medal of Honor Winner, Dies at 85
By Richard Goldstein,, February 12, 1999
Col. Robert S. Scott, who as a junior Army officer won the Medal of Honor in World War II for beating back a Japanese counterattack in the battle for an airstrip in the Solomon Islands and killing 28 enemy soldiers, despite being wounded twice, died on Feb. 5 at his home in Santa Fe, N.M. He was 85.
In the first week of July 1943, Scott, then a second lieutenant, came ashore on the heavily defended main island of New Georgia in the Central Solomons with the 172d Regiment of the untested 43d Infantry Division.
Eight months earlier, he had a harrowing experience even before stepping foot on Pacific soil. While approaching the harbor at the island of Espiritu Santo near Guadalcanal, his troopship, the President Coolidge, hit a mine and sank. Scott was picked up by a boat, and virtually everyone aboard was saved, although all the equipment was lost.
In midsummer 1943, Scott and his men had their first taste of combat in some of the worst terrain of the Pacific campaign, dense New Georgia jungle clinging to hillsides with 9,000 Japanese defenders hiding in superbly camouflaged pillboxes.
The objective of the 45,000-man invasion force -- three Army divisions and marines -- was to capture the Munda Point airstrip, which was needed as a base for Marine fighter planes that would escort heavy bombers on their run to the Japanese stronghold of Rabaul.
Over four weeks, the troops made slow progress in reaching the airstrip, seven miles from the shoreline.
On July 29, Scott's platoon was bogged down in front of a hilltop overlooking the airstrip. He advanced with his exhausted troops, urging them on in the face of rifle and machine-gun fire. He had pushed forward to a point midway across a hilltop, 75 yards from Japanese defenders, when enemy troops emerged from dugouts firing and throwing grenades. Suddenly, Scott found himself alone, the soldiers with him having withdrawn.
He crouched behind a tree stump, blasted away with his carbine and threw grenades. He continued to fight despite suffering a bullet wound in the left hand and a painful shrapnel wound in the head after his carbine had been shot from his hand.
He hurled about 30 grenades at the Japanese dugouts, finally forcing the enemy to withdraw. His fellow troops then captured the hill and found 28 Japanese dead in the bunkers that Scott had destroyed.
American forces took the airstrip on Aug. 5, and a week later the Seabees expanded it to accommodate Marine fighters.
In October 1944, Scott received the Medal of Honor, the military's highest award for valor.
But success in the New Georgia campaign came at a heavy cost. More than 1,100 U.S. troops were killed, among them another Medal of Honor winner, a sergeant from the 37th Infantry Division whose destruction of a Japanese machine-gun nest would be recounted in one of World War II's best-known patriotic songs, Frank Loesser's "The Ballad of Rodger Young."
Robert Sheldon Scott was born in Washington, the son of a doctor, and moved to Albuquerque, N.M., with his family as a youngster. He graduated from the University of New Mexico in 1937 with a degree in English, was drafted in September 1941 and obtained a commission.
Scott remained in Pacific combat after the New Georgia campaign, then was discharged from the Army after the war. He re-enlisted in 1947, served in the Korean War and remained in the service until retiring as a colonel in 1966.
In 1997, the New Mexico Legislature proclaimed Scott's birthday, Nov. 30, as Robert Scott Day. But Colonel Scott's son, James, of Weatherford, Texas, who survives him with three grandsons, said his father did not seek any public plaudits for his Medal of Honor.
"He didn't talk about it," James Scott said. "He disliked it when people regarded him as a hero. He felt he had a job to do, and he did it."
Medal of Honor
SCOTT, ROBERT S.
Rank and organization: Captain (then Lieutenant), U.S. Army, 172d Infantry, 43d Infantry Division.
Place and date. Near Munda Air Strip, New Georgia, Solomon Islands, 29 July 1943.
Entered service at. Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Born: Washington, D.C.
G.O. No.: 81, 14 October 1944.
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty near Munda Airstrip, New Georgia, Solomon Islands, on 29 July 1943. After 27 days of bitter fighting, the enemy held a hilltop salient which commanded the approach to Munda Airstrip. Our troops were exhausted from prolonged battle and heavy casualties, but Lt. Scott advanced with the leading platoon of his company to attack the enemy position, urging his men forward in the face of enemy rifle and enemy machinegun fire. He had pushed forward alone to a point midway across the barren hilltop within 75 yards of the enemy when the enemy launched a desperate counterattack, which if successful would have gained undisputed possession of the hill. Enemy riflemen charged out on the plateau, firing and throwing grenades as they moved to engage our troops. The company withdrew, but Lt. Scott, with only a blasted tree stump for cover, stood his ground against the wild enemy assault. By firing his carbine and throwing the grenades in his possession he momentarily stopped the enemy advance using the brief respite to obtain more grenades. Disregarding small-arms fire and exploding grenades aimed at him, suffering a bullet wound in the left hand and a painful shrapnel wound in the head after his carbine had been shot from his hand, he threw grenade after grenade with devastating accuracy until the beaten enemy withdrew. Our troops, inspired to renewed effort by Lt. Scott's intrepid stand and incomparable courage, swept across the plateau to capture the hill, and from this strategic position 4 days later captured Munda Airstrip.
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© 1999 by Neil Mishalov